Games to Play

Combine Ultra – the Game of Logic and Challenge

Instructions: Arrow keys or WASD to move left/right, rotate and drop the balls.


Instructions: Arrow keys or WASD to move left/right, rotate and drop the balls.

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Strange people and animals

Here are some strange people and animals!!!!


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Half human and half Dog?

“Most people are not aware that these kinds of experiments have been taking place in the U.K. and find it deeply offensive. Parliament should follow France and Germany and prohibit the creation of animal-human hybrid embryos.”
What do you think about this half human and half Dog?

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5 ways to listen better

Julian Treasure: 5 ways to listen better

In our louder and louder world, says sound expert Julian Treasure, “We are losing our listening.” In this short, fascinating talk, Treasure shares five ways to re-tune your ears for conscious listening — to other people and the world around you.

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Wisdom Teeth

Should You Have Your Wisdom Teeth Removed?


Jennifer Flach was a college junior when her wisdom teeth started causing problems.

“My other teeth started moving around,”she remembers. “The wisdom teeth were pushing out and undoing some of the orthodontic work I had done in high school.” At the same time, her brother — who’s two years younger and was also in college — had no symptoms. But the family dentist said his wisdom teeth should come out, too.

Jen and her brother had back-to-back surgeries. They recovered together at home during spring break. “It was quite a week at my parents’ house,” she says.

Patrick Grother was 26 when his dentist said his wisdom teeth might need to be removed. His bottom left wisdom tooth had come partway into his mouth. But a flap of gum still covered it. “The dentist said food would get trapped there and it could get infected,” he says. Patrick visited a periodontist, who said that the gum flap could be cut away but would grow back.

Patrick eventually had the wisdom teeth on the left side of his mouth taken out.

A few people are born without wisdom teeth. Others have enough room in their mouths for the teeth. But many of us, like Jen and her brother, get our wisdom teeth taken out as young adults. And like Patrick, many of us are first alerted to the problem when our wisdom teeth can’t come in all the way.

If that happens, part of the tooth may be covered by a flap of gum. Bits of food and bacteria can get trapped under the flap. This can cause swelling and a low-grade infection called pericoronitis. This usually happens with lower wisdom teeth. Pericoronitis, and the pain it causes, are the most common reasons people need wisdom teeth taken out.

There are other reasons to have your wisdom teeth removed:

  • In many people, the wisdom teeth are blocked from coming in, usually by bone or other teeth. Sometimes the teeth are tilted under the gum. Dentists call these “impacted” teeth.
  • They may cause pain, but not always. You may feel nothing at all for years. You may not even be aware that you have wisdom teeth until your dentist sees them on an X-ray.
  • Regular dental visits are important during your teens and early 20s. If you visit your dentist regularly, he or she can use X-rays to follow the progress of your wisdom teeth. Any problems will be seen early.
  • Even if your wisdom teeth aren’t causing any pain or other problems, they may cause problems at some point. The most common problems are decay, infection and crowding or damage to other teeth. Teeth next to the wisdom teeth are more prone to developing gum problems.

But more serious complications can occur:

  • Some people develop fluid-filled growths called cysts. These can cause permanent damage to bone, teeth and nerves.
  • In rare cases, other tumors may develop as well.

Not all wisdom teeth need to be removed. But if there’s a chance your wisdom teeth will cause problems, it’s easier to take them out when you’re young. That’s because the roots of the teeth are not fully developed yet, and the bone around the teeth is less dense. Younger people also heal faster than older ones. As you age, it will take longer to recover from the surgery.


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You’ve Got an Idea

Notice to readers:  Nothing withing this advice should be treated as legal. Not all inventions should be process this way. YOu will need to use your own judgement for using this advice for your particular invention. For more acdruate information please consult with your patent agent or patent atterney. 

This addvice is the best suited for those who are planning to sell your invention or license it to others and not intended for manufacturing companies.   

Step #1:  Preliminary Invention Evaluation

  • The first step is to make an  objective assessment of your invention.  Right from the very beginning you should keep accurate records of your developng afforts.  Therre are two type of research you should do during this step: 
    • Market research
    • Preliminary patent research. 
  • The result of this reserach is to obtain an objective “marketability test” to decide if you need to proceed to Step #2.

1.  Market Research

  • Market research consist of searching for similar or identical products that are currently on the market or have been previously marketed.  You may conduct your market research in the following places:
    • catalogs
    • the Internet
    • stores
    • magazines. 
  • You may also research companies overseas that make products similar to your invention to determine if they manufacture products that would directly compete with your invention or if they have a better product than your invention.

2.  Preliminary Patent Research

  • Patent research comprises searching for patents that are issued for inventions similar to yours.  You can search for issued patents on the Internet or at your local U.S. Patent Depository. 
  • There are several free search engines on the Internet, but we suggest utilizing the IBM Patent Server at  You should enter various keywords for your invention and print out all relevant patents.  Another place to search for relevant patents is your local U.S. Patent Depository that has very helpful patent librarians to assist you in your patent search.  The USPTO has a complete list of Patent Depositories at that you can utilize.

3.  Preliminary Marketability Test

  • If a very similar product is not located during the market and patent research, you may want to take an objective marketability test for your invention.  Be careful of unscrupulous invention promotion companies by visiting the National Inventor Fraud Center, Inc. web site at
  • After you have finished conducting your market research, patent research and marketability tests, you have to make a choice:  
    • proceed to Step #2
    • stop proceeding with the invention, or
    • place the invention on “reserve” while you consider other inventions. 

Step #2:  Patentability Search & Opinion

  • If your invention survives Step #1, you may want to have a professional patentability search conducted at the United States Patent & Trademark Office (USPTO).  Make sure that the patentability search is conducted by an independent professional patent searcher at the USPTO.  You should also have your Patent Attorney provide you a patentability opinion based upon the patent search results.
  • After you receive the patentability opinion and search results  from your patent agent, you then should make a choice: 
    • proceed to Step #3
    • stop proceeding with the invention, or
    • place the invention on “reserve” while you consider other inventions.

Step #3:  Provisional Patent Application

  • If your invention survives Step #2, the next step is to draft your own “provisional” patent application.  The provisional patent application is not a complete patent application since it only lasts for one-year and it is not examined by the USPTO.  However, the provisional patent application provides a suitable format for inventors to draft their own patent application and receive up to one-year of “patent pending” while they determine if their invention is potentially licensable.
  • When drafting your provisional patent application, make sure to describe your invention in significant detail regarding structure, functionality and use.  Make sure to include many detailed hand sketches and drawings to clearly describe the components and operation of the invention.
  • As of March 1, 2000, 35 U.S.C. §112, first paragraph states that the provisional patent application “shall contain a written description of the invention, and of the manner and process of making and using it, in such full, clear, concise, and exact terms as to enable any person skilled in the art to which it pertains, or with which it is most nearly connected, to make and use the same, and shall set forth the best mode contemplated by the inventor of carrying out his invention.”  Failure to satisfy 35 U.S.C. §112, first paragraph in conjunction with disclosure of your invention to another will result in lost patent rights.  You should consult with a Patent Attorney if you have any questions about the legal requirements of a provisional patent application.

Step #4:  Licensing Research

  • After filing your self-drafted provisional patent application with the USPTO, you may then begin your “licensing” research.  It is recommended that you hire a professional “licensing agent” who specializes with your type of product (toy licensing agents, etc.).  If you are unable to locate a licensing agent who specializes with your type of product, you may either utilize a general licensing agent or attempt to conduct the research yourself.
  • During the licensing research you should first make a list of companies that manufacture products similar to your invention and that may be potentially interested in licensing or buying your patent rights.  You may then try to contact these companies by telephone or mail.  Without describing or disclosing your invention, you may want to tell the company that you have an invention that solves a specific problem or does a special function.  You may want to inform them that you have “patent pending” on this unique product.  You may also want to have a Confidentiality Agreement signed by the company before discussing anything with them in case you accidentally disclose portions of your invention.
  • You may want to ask the company if they would potentially be “interested” in licensing or purchasing the patent rights to an invention.  If they request more information about your invention this is an indication that your invention is potentially licensable.  If the companies state that they already have a product that adequately solves the problem or that does the special function, this is an indication that your invention is not potentially licensable.
  • After you have contacted the companies and have received feedback from the companies, your licensing agent should make an objective assessment and recommendation as to the potential of licensing or selling your invention.  You then have to make a choice:  (i) proceed to Step #5, (ii) stop proceeding with the invention, or (iii) place the invention on “reserve” while you consider other inventions.

Step #5:  Hire a Patent Attorney to Draft a Patent Application

  • If you feel that your invention is potentially licensable after conducting your licensing research in Step #4, you may want to hire a Registered Patent Attorney to draft a complete patent application for your invention.  Neustel Law Offices, LTD provides patent application drafting services for inventors and businesses.  You can contact Neustel Law Offices, LTD for more information at 701-281-8822 or visit our web site at

Step #6:  License or Sell the Patent Rights

  • After your Patent Attorney drafts and files the formal patent application for your invention, you may then have your licensing expert arrange to disclose your invention to potential licensees.  You may attempt to have Confidentiality Agreements signed with these companies prior to disclosing your invention to them.  Do not be surprised if many larger companies will not sign your Confidentiality Agreement.

Step #7: Final Review

  • You should “reevaluate” your position with regards to your invention every six-months while completing Step #6.  As an inventor, you need to objectively determine when you should terminate all actions in promoting a specific invention.  You should base your decision upon the reactions you receive from the companies when presented with a full disclosure of your invention.  Remember, your time is worth money so do not spend it attempting to market an invention that no one wants.
  • Approximately every six-months you should consider either (1) manufacturing the invention, or (2) terminating all efforts for the invention.  If you have not received a positive reaction from industry regarding your invention, you may want to consider the latter choice to avoid creating further hardship for yourself.  Do not spend valuable time pursuing a fruitless dream. 
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Wind Farms

A wind farm is a group of wind turbines in the same location used for production of electric power. A large wind farm may consist of several hundred individual wind turbines, and cover an extended area of hundreds of square miles, but the land between the turbines may be used for agricultural or other purposes. A wind farm may also be located offshore.

Many of the largest operational onshore wind farms are located in the USA. As of November 2010, the Roscoe Wind Farm is the largest onshore wind farm in the world at 781.5 MW, followed by the Horse Hollow Wind Energy Center (735.5 MW). As of November 2010, the Thanet Offshore Wind Project in United Kingdom is the largest offshore wind farm in the world at 300 MW, followed by Horns Rev II (209 MW) in Denmark.

Please read another article from this site about generating additional revenue from any wind farms. The following lovely pictures demonstrate different views on wind turbines, as well as on different wind farms across the globe:


             Image result for wind farms wallpaper
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TRIZ is a Theory of Inventive Problem Solving, abbreviated from Russian language. It is mostly related to technical problems. It could be explained as a problem-solving, analysis and forecasting tool derived from the study of patterns of invention from the global patent literature. It was developed by the Soviet inventor and science fiction writer Genrich Altshuller and his colleagues, beginning in 1946. Following Altshuller’s insight, the Theory developed on a foundation of extensive research covering millions of inventions across many different fields to produce a theory which defines patterns in the nature of inventive solutions and the distinguishing characteristics of the problems that these inventions have overcome.

TRIZ includes a practical methodology, tool sets, a knowledge base, and a model-based technology for generating new ideas and solutions during problem solving process. It is intended for any application where following activities can be performed:

  • problem formulation,
  • system analysis,
  • failure analysis, and
  • patterns of system evolution.

Mostly based on technical problems, the TRIZ, when mastered, is capable of helping engineers, technologies, and scientist to reduce an average time for arriving to the proper solution by a fraction of days, hours, even minutes, by cutting the cost of R&D and engineering man hours.

The writer of this post managed to apply TRIZ methodology in solving any other problems, other than technical by using Rapid Development Tool, which allows you to find a solution to, practically, any problem, such as:

  • corporate,
  • marketing and sales,
  • financial,
  • linguistic,
  • scientific,
  • medical engineering,
  • agriculture,
  • metallurgy,
  • archeology,
  • or any other.

It also help you to reduce decision making process by at least 50%. Please come back for more information when it will be available.

Books on Inventions and Inventors

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Inventions Wall

Inventions exist as long as the human civilization exists. For the past thousdands of years there have been millions of inventions created by people. Only in the USA there have been issued over 6 million patents since the United State Patent and Trademark Office started. A Brief History of the Patent and Trademark Depository Library Program The Patent and Trademark Depository Library Program began in 1871 when federal statute (35 USC 12) first provided for the distribution of printed patents to libraries for use by the public. Below is the Wall of Famous Inventions:

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Galilean Thermometer


In September 2000, I received as a birthday gift a fascinating type of thermometer invented by Galileo hundreds of years ago. Unlike most other types of thermometers, it is colourful and aesthetically pleasing.

by Greg Hegill

What Is It?

A galilean thermometer is a sealed vertical glass cylinder mostly filled with a clear liquid. Submerged in the liquid are several smaller glass bulbs, each having a tag indicating a particular temperature. As the temperature changes, the smaller glass bulbs will rise and sink (see How It Works below). The temperature is read by looking at tag attached to the lowest floating bulb.

How It Works

The galilean thermometer works due to the principle of buoyancy. Buoyancy determines whether objects float or sink in a liquid, and is responsible for the fact that even boats made of steel can float (of course, a bar of steel by itself will sink).

The only factor that determines whether an object will float or sink in a particular liquid relates the object’s mass to the mass of the liquid displaced by the object when submerged. If the object’s mass is greater than the mass of liquid displaced, the object will sink. If the object’s mass is less than the mass of liquid displaced, the object will float.

[Figure 1]Figure 1.

In the figure above, there are two objects, each a cube 10 cm by 10 cm by 10 cm (the figure is not to scale). The mass of water displaced by an object of this size is 1 kg. The brown object on the left is floating because the mass of water it is displacing (0.5 kg, half the object is submerged and half is above water) is equal to the mass of the object. The green object on the right has sunk because the mass of water it is displacing (1 kg) is less than the object’s mass (2 kg).

[Figure 2]Figure 2.

Not all objects made of the green material above will sink. In figure 2, the interior of the green object has been hollowed out. The total mass of the object is now 0.5 kg, yet its volume remains the same, so it floats half way out of the water like the brown object in figure 1.

  • In the examples above, the liquid in which the objects have been floating is assumed to be water. Water has a density of 1 kg/L, which means that the volume of water displaced by any of the above objects is 1 kg.
  • Galileo discovered that the density of liquids varies slightly with temperature. As the temperature increases, the density of the liquid decreases. This is the key to how the galilean thermometer works.
[Figure 3]
Figure 3.
Figure 3 shows a 1 kg hollow object made of the green material. In the left hand container, the density of the liquid is 1.001 kg/L. Since the object weighs less than the mass of water it displaces, it floats. In the right hand container, the density of the liquid is 0.999 kg/L. Since the object weighs more than the mass of water it displaces, it sinks. This shows that very small changes in the density of the liquid can easily cause an almost-floating object to sink.

In the galilean thermometer, the small glass bulbs are partly filled with a different (coloured) liquid. Each is filled with a slightly different amount, ranging from lightest at the uppermost bulb to heaviest at the lowermost bulb. The clear liquid in which the bulbs are submerged is not water, but some inert hydrocarbon (probably chosen because its density varies with temperature more than water does).

[Figure 4]
Figure 4.

Figure 4 shows a schematic representation of my thermometer at two different temperatures (the temperature markings on my thermometer are in Fahrenheit).

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