As you can see from the picture below, the modern science of technical problem solving (TRIZ) started a long time ago:
The very beginning of the TRIZ starts with Principles of Technical Problem Solving. It covers 40 most common contradiction, which can be a part of a problem to be solved. The overall number of possible solutions, which cam be solved just utilizing those 40 unique principles will in the neighborhood of 2 in power 40 combination, not including three and more principles combined together. Just for your curiosity, 2 in power 10 is equal to 1,024.
TRIZ is a Russian acronym meaning “The theory of solving inventor’s problems” or “The theory of inventor’s problem solving”. It was developed by a Soviet engineer and researcher Genrich Altshuller and his colleagues starting in 1946.
TRIZ is a methodology, tool set, knowledge base, and model-based technology for generating innovative ideas and solutions for problem solving. TRIZ provides tools and methods for use in problem formulation, system analysis, failure analysis, and patterns of system evolution. TRIZ, in contrast to techniques such as brainstorming (which is based on random idea generation), aims to create an algorithmic approach to the invention of new systems, and the refinement of old systems.
40 Principles of invention.The “forty principles” of TRIZ are basic engineering parameters of common objects, such as weight, length, and manufacturing tolerances. TRIZ methodology claims that by studying an individual parameter which is causing a problem (e.g., the weight of an object needs to be reduced), and the other parameters which are in conflict with it (e.g., lower weight would require thinner material, which is more likely to undergo catastrophic failure if overstressed), engineering solutions can be found. Due to this unique solution a probability of inventions is very high. the next step will be just patent that solution.
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